Four basic elements form the foundation of B-boying:
- Toprock: the upright dancing and shuffles that B-boys do when they enter a circle.
- Downrock: the footwork, or dance steps performed on the floor.
- Freeze: poses thrown into dance routines that add punctuation to certain beats and sometimes end a set.
- Power moves: acrobatic moves of circular motions involving spinning on the floor or in the air.